In memoriam: Jacques Bariéty

Auteur: Chantal METZGER (Professeur émérite des Universités)

Notre association vient de perdre en la personne de Jacques Bariéty son président honoraire. Il fut surtout, de 1982 à 2010, le dynamique président de l’Association internationale d’histoire contemporaine de l’Europe, fondée en 1969 par Fernand L’Huillier après le printemps de Prague pour permettre aux historiens de l’Europe de l’Est de maintenir et de développer les contacts avec leurs collègues occidentaux. Grâce à son action, l’AIHCE est devenue un lieu scientifique privilégié de rencontres et d’informations entre professeurs et chercheurs de haut niveau travaillant sur l’histoire des relations internationales en Europe de 1815 à nos jours. Grâce à son action également, notre association s’est ouverte davantage aux pays de l’Est de l’Europe après 1989/1990. Il a toujours continué après avoir quitté la présidence de l’AICE à s’intéresser à ses activités.

Né à Paris le 11 janvier 1930, Jacques Bariéty nous a quittés le 20 novembre 2014, à la veille de son 85ème anniversaire. Fils d’un célèbre médecin pneumologue, il a fréquenté les Lycées Condorcet et Henri IV avant de se consacrer à sa passion, l’histoire, et de commencer ses études à la Faculté des Lettres de Paris.

Agrégé d’histoire, il a entamé une longue carrière d’enseignant dans l’Est de la France (lycée de Nancy en 1954) tout en débutant ses recherches sur les relations franco-allemandes et l’histoire de l’Allemagne. Ses premiers écrits portent sur Franz von Papen et l’accession de Hitler au pouvoir. Dès 1957, il participe aux travaux de la Commission interalliée d’étude des archives allemandes séquestrées à Whaddon Hall (Grande-Bretagne) aux côtés d’historiens américains et britanniques. Il se rend ensuite en Allemagne où il enseigne à l’Institut français de Bonn (1959) et devient, l’année suivante, membre de la Commission internationale de publication des archives diplomatiques allemandes. De 1968 à 1971, il dirige l’Institut français de Francfort-sur-le-Main.

Il entre dans la carrière universitaire en occupant, à son retour d’Allemagne en 1971, le poste de Maître assistant à la faculté des Lettres de Metz, avant de rejoindre l’université de Strasbourg où il occupera les fonctions de Directeur de l’Institut d’histoire contemporaine à partir de 1975. Il est nommé en 1979, Professeur d’histoire contemporaine à l’université de Paris IV-Sorbonne et y restera jusqu’à son départ en retraite en 1996. Il était Professeur émérite.

Ses travaux portent tous sur les relations franco-allemandes. Sa thèse d’Etat sur Les relations franco-allemandes après la première guerre mondiale fut couronnée par le prix Gobert de l’Académie française en 1977. Il publie de nombreux livres avec ses collègues, Raymond Poidevin, Les relations franco-allemandes de 1875 à 1977, Jacques Droz, République de Weimar et régime hitlérien, Jean-Marie Valentin et Alfred Guth, La France et l’Allemagne entre les deux-guerres mondiales ; Pierre Miquel, Journal de Raymond Poincaré de 1919 ; René Pillorget, France-Bavière, allers-retours, 100 ans de relations franco-bavaroises. La plupart d’entre eux sont utilisés par des générations d’étudiants et prouvent aussi qu’il était très apprécié de ses collègues, spécialistes des relations franco-allemandes.

Il a aussi contribué à la publication de nombreux colloques de l’AIHCE et notamment à celui consacré à Aristide Briand, la Société des nations et l’Europe (1919-1932) en 2007. En 2011 paraissait son dernier livre, A la recherche de la paix France-Allemagne un commentaire des cahiers d’Oswald Hesnard, conseiller et ami d’Aristide Briand. Tous ces travaux illustrent l’importance et l’impact de son œuvre scientifique.

Reconnu au niveau national et international comme un grand spécialiste de l’Allemagne, J. Bariéty fut responsable de la publication des Documents diplomatiques français (années 1920), membre de la commission des archives du ministère des Affaires étrangères (1975-2011) et de 1981 à 2004, conseiller historique auprès du ministère des Affaires étrangères.

Son autorité scientifique le conduisit également à assumer diverses responsabilités au niveau universitaire puisqu’il fut membre élu du Comité consultatif des universités (1973-82) et du Comité national du CNRS (1976-82), et auditeur à l’Institut des hautes études de défense nationale (IHEDN) (1980-1981).

Il était très apprécié de ses collègues et entretenait des relations notamment au sein de l’AIHCE avec des chercheurs de tous les pays d’Europe, mais aussi des Etats-Unis, du Canada et du Japon.

Par son enseignement, ses ouvrages, ses activités auprès de nombreuses instances, sa présence au sein du Comité scientifique de nombreuses revues, il a contribué à la formation de plusieurs générations d’historiens. Ils n’oublieront pas sa direction de recherche, ses interventions dans les soutenances, dans les débats, la fidélité de sa participation aux réunions organisées par les jeunes chercheurs. Cet historien, d’une immense culture, toujours clair et précis dans ses communications et ses interventions, a grandement contribué à faire connaître l’histoire des relations internationales à travers l’exemple franco-allemand dans le monde entier. Tous ses collègues, dont de ses nombreux anciens élèves, comme moi, sont infiniment touchés par cette perte.

Call for papers – RICHIE Conference: Networks, Practices and Dynamics of Socialization in European diplomacy from 1919 to today

RICHIE
In cooperation with RICHIE and
Académie royale de Belgique the Académie royale de Belgique

Brussels, Royal Academy of Belgium
19-21 March 2015

1. Disciplines involved

Trans-disciplinary conference favouring an historical perspective. Contributions in History and all social sciences are welcomed (Political Science, Anthropology, Sociology).

2. Working languages

Debates will be conducted mainly in French, but we welcome contributions in English.

3. Main Themes / Research Questions

After the First World War, diplomats became the key-figures of a new International order that was meant to be founded on new principles: transparency, cooperation, arbitrage and international law. However, it meant an erosion of their monopoly over foreign affairs as new “technical” experts would now play a major role along the traditional actors of diplomacy: international lawyers, academics, journalists, senior officials seconded to multilateral organisations, or international bankers. These actors were more and more organized in international networks: their activities were impacted by technological revolutions in transport and communication, and by the rising influence of mass media. The timing of the negotiator’s job was accelerating, while diplomats were increasingly monitored by public opinion and by their political masters.

The new diplomacy was mainly taking place in the European capitals and in Geneva. The League of Nations became a prominent forum for diplomatic encounters and socialization at the time of the attempted “Collective Security”, and a fertile ground for the first projects of European Union. Those professional and personal connections between foreign policy actors witnessed a new momentum after 1945 when Western European stated started to organize their close cooperation. From the 1970s onwards, the European Political Cooperation (EPC) provided an official framework, but diplomatic socialization existed informally between individuals, via various forms of connection (family, financial, intellectual or artistic).

Exploring those formal and informal networks will set a new light on the diplomatic machine in general, and on decision-making in particular. To what extent did the recourse to those networks contribute to the settlement of some crises? Did national Ministries for Foreign Affairs contribute to accelerate or to resist that process of networking among diplomatic agents? Do the latter usually share common representations of Europe? To what extent did the rise of multilateral, public and economic diplomacy impact diplomatic practices?

This call for papers requests contributions that will resort to new approaches to analyse activities of foreign policy actors from 1919 to today, favouring a transnational and pan-European focus. Different (and non-exclusive) research questions may be followed:

1. How diplomatic jobs changed in the European context?

Sociology, training, competences, definition of bilateral and multilateral diplomatic positions in Europe, transformation of national Foreign Ministries (structure, management, respective position towards home departments, impact of the unification process of Europe), transfer of training between national foreign services in Europe, exportation of a “European diplomatic model” to non-European areas.

2. Perceptions/Visions of a United Europe for Foreign policy actors:

Effects of generations, political involvement, national or transnational divisions over the European project; resistance to the integration process; confronting principles with reality: the issues/difficulties of diplomatic cooperation at the European level.

3. Formal and informal transnational networks among Foreign policy agents:

Personal and family connections between European diplomats, including the periods of war (how contacts were maintained – or not- in belligerent countries – via third or neutral countries during the two World Wars; diplomatic connections within the Soviet bloc during the Cold War); the role of contact groups in the settlement of local/regional conflict, such as the Balkans); the role of informal forums in the networking of Foreign policy actors (associations, journals, European movements).

4. New diplomatic practices in the 1970? Convergence and mutualisation of national diplomacies:

development of a European diplomatic milieu within the institutions of the ECC/EU and in their delegations abroad. The rise of public diplomacy and new proactive forms of commercial and economic diplomacy; new division of labour and mutualisation between bilateral embassies and the ECC/EU delegations; the advent of the High Representative for the CFSP as a new diplomatic figure; sharing of diplomatic practices with European countries of the ex-Soviet bloc; development of the European External Action Service (EEAS)

4. Participating institutions

Université catholique de Louvain (UCL) et Université de Liège (Centre d’étude d’histoire de l’Europe contemporaine – CEHEC and Contact group FRS-FNRS « Belgique et mondes contemporains »)

Paris I / Paris IV (Labex EHNE et Centre d’histoire des relations internationales contemporaines/IRICE)

Association « Diplomatie et stratégie »

5. Scientific Committee

  • Laurence Badel (Paris I)
  • Eric Bussière (Paris IV)
  • Björn-Olav Dozo (FNRS/ULg)
  • Michel Dumoulin (UCL)
  • Vincent Genin (ULg)
  • Johannes Grossmann (Tübingen)
  • John Keiger (Cambridge)
  • Catherine Lanneau (ULg)
  • Christian Lequesne (Sciences Po)
  • Thomas Raineau (Paris IV)
  • Philippe Raxhon (ULg)
  • Pierre Tilly (UCL)
  • Matthieu Osmont (ICFA Tübingen)
  • Maurice Vaïsse (Sciences Po)

6. Submission process and deadlines

  1. Applicants are expected to submit abstract of papers by Tuesday 30 September 2014 at email address: colldiplo2015@gmail.com
  2. Abstracts should not exceed 500 words and should be accompanied by a short biographical note, a CV and a list of publications
  3. Notifications to successful applicants will be sent by 1 December 2014. Final papers are expected to be produced by 15 February 2015.
  4. The accommodation costs in Brussels are paid.Requests for financial grants covering a partial or total amount of travelling expenses can be submitted and will be considered on a case-by-case basis

7. Organizing Committee

  • Vincent Genin (Phd Candidate, Université de Liège)
  • Dr Matthieu Osmont (Director of Institut culturel franco-allemand de Tübingen)
  • Thomas Raineau (Phd Candidate, Université Paris IV Sorbonne)

Contrats doctoraux : « Défis internationaux et émergence d’un espace public en Europe depuis les années 1970 » (Institut historique allemand)

Durée : 01/10/2014–30/09/2017
Date limite de candidature : 22/06/2014

Version allemande.

Descriptif

Logo de l'Institut Historique Allemand à ParisInstitution : Institut historique allemandDans le cadre d’un nouvel axe de recherche, l’Institut historique allemand (IHA) à Paris offre pour l’automne 2014 des contrats doctoraux sur le thème «Défis internationaux et émergence d’un espace public en Europe depuis les années 1970». Les recherches porteront sur la question des convergences dans la perception des défis internationaux en Europe, ainsi que sur la définition d’une politique européenne qui en résulte. Il s’agira de mettre à l’épreuve la pertinence de cette approche pour décrire l’histoire européenne récente, en prenant pour exemple les questions environnementales. Les candidats traitant d’un point de vue historique l’émergence d’un espace public en Europe dans d’autres domaines sont également les bienvenus. Les sujets en lien avec l’Allemagne et/ou la France sont appréciés, mais pas obligatoires.

Le contrat doctoral vise à l’élaboration d’une thèse dans le cadre d’un projet de recherche lancé au printemps 2014 sous la direction de Christian Wenkel à l’IHA, en coopération avec les professeurs Éric Bussière et Hélène Miard-Delacroix, du laboratoire d’excellence Écrire une histoire nouvelle de l’Europe. Le présent appel à candidatures s’adresse au premier chef aux doctorants qui se trouvent au début de leur travail. Le poste est à pourvoir si possible au 1er octobre 2014. Avec Christian Wenkel, les doctorants constitueront un groupe de recherche auquel peuvent participer également des personnes dont les travaux sont financés par une autre structure. L’inscription en doctorat doit être faite dans un établissement d’enseignement supérieur en France ou en Allemagne et ne peut pas être réalisée à l’IHA. Tout accord de cotutelle entre un établissement allemand et établissement français est bienvenue.

Le contrat doctoral de droit français est conclu pour une durée de trois ans. La rémunération mensuelle s’établit à 1 818 € brut (assurances maladie, vieillesse et chômage françaises incluses). L’IHA met à disposition un poste de travail dans ses locaux, ainsi que les infrastructures de l’institut.

Les doctorants s’engagent à participer activement aux travaux et manifestations de l’IHA et notamment du groupe de recherche. Les candidats doivent maîtriser l’allemand ou le français et posséder de solides notions dans l’autre langue.

Pour en savoir plus sur le projet «Défis internationaux et émergence d’un espace public en Europe depuis les années 1970», consulter la rubrique «Recherche» sur le site Web de l’institut. Pour toute question de fond sur le projet de recherche, contacter Christian Wenkel (cwenkel [at] dhi-paris [point] fr). Les requêtes administratives doivent être adressées à Stefan Martens, directeur adjoint de l’IHA et directeur du département Histoire contemporaine (smartens [at] dhi-paris [point] fr).

Modalités de candidature

Merci de bien vouloir envoyer votre candidature avec votre C.V., les copies de vos diplômes, l’exposé de votre projet de thèse accompagné d’un calendrier et d’indications sur les sources pertinentes pour votre travail (4 pages max.), ainsi que les coordonnées de deux personnes de référence d’ici au 22 juin 2014, par e-mail uniquement (dans un seul fichier PDF) au directeur de l’IHA, M. Thomas Maissen (bewerbung [at] dhi-paris [point] fr). Les entretiens de recrutement se tiendront probablement du 7 au 9 juillet 2014.

Contact

Christian Wenkel
8 rue du Parc-Royal
75003 Paris
+33 1 44 54 23 80
+33 1 42 71 23 90
cwenkel [at] dhi-paris [point] fr

Call for Papers – Summer School: “Europeanization from the mid-XIXth Century to the Present Mixing National, International and Transnational approaches”

Poland, Krzyzowa Foundation, 6-11 September 2012

Organized by RICHIE Association (http ://www.europe-richie.org/) the University of Paris-Sorbonne(http ://www.paris-sorbonne.fr/), the University of Hildesheim, (www.uni-hildesheim.de/), with the support of Université franco-allemande

Deadline for applications: 10 June 2012

The Summer School is opened to Masters and Doctoral students studying European history in the XIXth and XXth centuries. The key methodology of the conference will be that of historical analysis, however the Summer School welcomes researchers from other disciplines (sociology, political science, economy, law, etc.). Summer School participants will not qualify for ECTS credits.

“Europeanization” will be the central topic of the Summer School. Historians have defined Europeanization as a “a gradual process of political, economic and cultural convergence leading to the increasing development of similarities in European societies” (J. Grossman, J. Niesser, T. Schneider, Synthesis of the Summer School: Towards a European Society?

Convergence and Divergence in 20th Century). This process needs to be understood in conjunction with the overall structural transformations that took place in the XIXth and XXth centuries as a result of internal and external pressures. Instead of considering the wars of the XXth as markers of a new era, we approach the second half of the XIXth century as laying the foundations of modern globalization. As such, the process of Europeanization should be understood as the mutual interaction of national, international, global and trans-national dynamics, without excluding local dynamics.

Proposals for presentations might deal with the following non-exhaustive topics:

  • States, Administration and civil society (-ties) in the process of Europeanization;
  • Politics at the junction of national, transnational and European dynamics (lobbies, political parties, institutions);
  • Building, circulating and challenging European model(s) (in the economic, social, politic, cultural intellectual and philanthropic fields);
  • Public opinion and the media: public spaces for Europeanization?
  • A plurality of Europeanization(s)?: symbolic representations, images, symbols and lieux de mémoire.
  • Europeanization and reconciliation: of the People of Europe? between the People of Europe/the European People and Others?
  • Europeanization at the borders of Europe: societies, influx and trades.

The Summer School will take place at the Krzyzowa Foundation in Poland. Transport between Wroclaw and Kreisau, accommodation, catering and social events will be provided by the Organization Committee. Travel expenses will be covered for up to 100 euros (please keep receipts).

The Summer School’s Scientific Committee is composed of internationally recognised academics, including: Eric Bussière (Paris IV- Sorbonne University), Michael Gehler (Hildesheim University), John Keiger (Salford University), Léonard Laborie (CNRS) and Konstanty Wojtaszczyk (Warsaw University).

Members of the Organization Committee are Noël Bonhomme (Paris IV Sorbonne), Anna Konieczna (Sciences Po Paris), Céline Paillette (Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne), Karolina Pietras (Paris IV-Sorbonne).

If you wish to participate in the Summer School, please email us at ecole2012@europe- richie.org. Please include the following documents with your email (.doc or pdf files only).

Your presentation proposal (500 words maximum);

  • A summary of your current research project(s) (Phd or Masters – only in circumstances where this is different from the topic of your proposed presentation);
  • A short CV (1 page); and
  • The name of an academic referee.

Successful applicants will be contacted in end-June 2012. The working languages of the conference will be French and German however a good command of English is required.

Download the PDF..

Research project: “Ces chers voisins”

“Ports and rivers”

The project called « Ces chers voisins » has generated a series of conferences, workshops and publications since 2006. In this context, a new project entitled « Ports et fleuves » (Ports and Rivers) has been conceived. As its name indicates, the idea is to take into account an economic component that, on the one hand, plays a central role in the GDP of the countries under consideration and, on the other hand, is conducive to create a melting pot of cultures and to be stimulated by it at the same time.

Serving as interface between overseas territories and European hinterlands, the ports of the European north-west shoreline are places of transfer for material goods. This makes them trading posts of the West, whose symbolic importance is as immense today as it was in the past.

Ports are settling places for alien as well as specific communities, e.g. the Jewish one, from which social and cultural influences spread. They are venues on which so many migrants converge to embark, transforming them into cosmopolitan crossroads of the “Wretched of the Earth. They constitute a source of inspiration for a multitude of long-hauled, imaginary journeys.

Representing specific challenges in terms of political, economic and social governance, the ports that will be considered – from Le Havre to Bremen via Antwerp, Amsterdam, Rotterdam and London – are mainly located in the mouth or upstream of the mouth of important rivers, from the Seine to the Elbe, including the «Golden Delta» (the Scheldt, the Meuse, the Rhine), and the Weser.

There is a vast body of literature dedicated to port cities and rivers considered on an individual basis. However, studies adopting a comparative or transnational perspective on the subject are few. Likewise, no research has been published yet on the Hinterlands and the spaces they constitute, except for older periods.

Taking a long period of time into consideration, this project aims to “Europeanize” the issues that will be dealt with. The purpose is to highlight the respective convergences and divergences in order to ensure a better understanding of the common features forming the complex interplay of competition, or collaboration at times, between these centers of economic activity.

As the scientific literature adopting a comparative and cross-disciplinary approach remains almost silent on the topic, this project intends to tackle the question of multicultural intermixing, using a number of different approaches to convey both the complexity and the appeal of this issue. In order to achieve this, it is essential to foster a fruitful collaboration between several disciplines, as it was the case in the context of “Ces chers voisins”. Likewise, today’s questions express the need for a dialogue to take place with policy makers and economic and social decision makers, who are imbued with a culture that shapes the very strong port identity they embody.

A few examples of the research areas this project aims to explore are the scientific, technical, and educational fields through, for instance, the creation of research and educational establishments (tropical medicine, shipbuilding industry, trade, etc.), geographical societies, institutes for the study of Asian arts, or even zoological gardens.

Port cities have a tradition of hosting international exhibitions and Olympic Games (Antwerp, Amsterdam, London), but they are also used to welcome congresses and attract tourists as seaside resorts, bringing together the “élites circulantes” (traveling elites). Moreover, they played a decisive role in the import of sports such as football. Similarly, the idea that exotic cooking practices have been imported via port cities should be examined.

This research will make good use of the existing literary, iconographic and architectural heritage (including colonial monuments, military architecture, banks, etc. all considered as “lieux de memoires”). Attention will be paid to the variety of printed and unpublished sources, both private and public ones. Someone will be in charge of the general management of the project and will ensure the coordination among the different areas of research to guarantee the cross-disciplinary relations between the different fields of study. The approach will make sure that case studies are not analyzed individually but examined together. Their results will be compared in workshops in order to bring out the common features and differences between the cultures of port cities, while paying attention to the areas in which these convergences or divergences are noticeable. The ultimate step is of course to try to understand why, when, and how these common features and differences appeared and developed.

The operational interest of this project lies in the fact that it is launched by a cohesive group of researchers from Germany, England, Belgium, France, Luxemburg, and The Netherlands who have already cooperated and collaborated actively together and share a great desire to 1) intensify the collaborative process that exists among them, 2) foster the comparative study of the European north-west shoreline by examining a number of Baltic and Adriatic ports.

Professor Michel Dumoulin

27 January 2011

« Ces Chers Voisins»

Prof. Michel Dumoulin and Prof. Hubert Roland (Université catholique de Louvain-la-Neuve) are the kingpins of the project, together with the Historiches Seminar II from the University of Köln (Prof. Jürgen Elvert) and the Frontières, Acteurs, Représentations de l’Europe research center from the Université de Strasbourg (Prof. Sylvain Schirmann), in collaboration with numerous other research centers from Paris I, Paris IV, Lille 3, Luxemburg, Liège, and KU Leuven. It is already intended to establish cooperation with the following institutions: the Deutsches Schiffahrtsmuseum Bremerhaven (German National Maritime Museum), the National Maritime Museum Greenwich and the Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel.

For Fritz Klein – Für Fritz Klein

Professor Fritz Klein was a member of the Board of the AIHCE from 1980 to 2005 and then an honorary member. This text was written by Frank Hadler, who kindly gave us the authorisation to reproduce it. Frank Hadler and Carole Fink wrote another text, available on the AHA’s website.


Berlin, 24.6.2011, 11 h

Liebe, hoch verehrte Frau Klein,

liebe Familie Klein,

sehr geehrte Damen und Herren

Historiker haben es gut. Sie entdecken Spuren der Vergangenheit und können dabei Spuren für die Zukunft hinterlassen. Prof. Fritz Klein ist ein bedeutender Spurenleser und Spurenleger – gewesen. Dieser im Präsens begonnene Satz muss seit einem Monat ins Präteritum gesetzt werden. Gleichwohl, es soll das Imperfektum sein, die unvollendete Vergangenheit, in der wir an den Kollegen, Freund und Lehrer Fritz Klein denken.

Im ersten Entwurf der „Gedanken zum Konzept einer Autobiographie“, getippt vor inzwischen eineinhalb Dekaden, umriss Fritz Klein, was er in seinen ein paar Jahre später erschienenen Erinnerungen nachzuzeichnen gedachte: „den Lebensweg eines Mannes, der auch heute noch einsehbare Gründe hatte, seinen Weg so zu gehen, wie er ihn gegangen ist“. Diesen nun, nach fast 87 Jahren an ein Ende gekommenen Weg nicht rundheraus erfreulich lang zu nennen, wäre wohl unangemessen, vielleicht auch einfach falsch. Nichts desto trotz war die Todesnachricht ein Schlag und alle, die das Glück hatten, Fritz Kleins Weg zu kreuzen, ein Stück zu teilen oder gar über weite Strecken mit ihm zu gehen, werden sich inzwischen vielfach Gedanken über die gemeinsam erlebten Zeiten und Momente gemacht haben.

Nun ist die Vermutung sicher nicht ganz abwegig, dass dabei selbst im großen Familienkreis vor allem der Historiker Fritz Klein die jeweils ganz persönlichen Reminiszenzen bestimmt. Mithin ist es vielleicht gut und in geboten breiten Pinselstrichen auch angemessen, noch einmal wesentliche Felder zu umreißen, die sein nachhaltiges Wirken als Geschichtsforscher, –schreiber und –vermittler bestimmten.

Zur historischen Primärerfahrung wurde fraglos der Weltkrieg. Diesen hat er freiwillig als Soldat erlebt und an der Ostfront leicht verwundet überlebt. Sich nach Kriegsende jenen politischen Kräften anzuschließen, die für den Aufbau eines neuen Deutschlands standen, das konsequent mit den kriegerischen Traditionen brach und sich mit seiner Vergangenheit kritisch auseinander setzte, war für Fritz Klein ein Gebot der Stunde. Zweifellos von seinem Pflegevater Wilhelm Deiters für die Welt der Pädagogik sensibilisiert, wollte er Lehrer werden. Gleich nach ihrer Wiedereröffnung studierte er Geschichte an der Berliner Alma Mater die nun die Namen der Humboldts trug. Hier wurden die zunächst in Unterzahl lehrenden Marxisten nach eigener Aussage „prägend“ für seine „Vorstellungen von Verlauf und Inhalt der Geschichte“. Das traf vor allem auf Alfred Meusel zu. Als kritischer Doktorvater begleitete Meusel die Entstehung einer zu Studienende verteidigten Dissertation über die deutsch-sowjetischen diplomatischen Beziehungen. Noch 1952 erschien sie in der heute Schwindel erregenden Auflage von 10.000 Exemplaren, die sich auch noch binnen kurzem restlos verkauften, was den Verlag zu einer sofortigen Zweitauflage veranlasste.

Die erste Veröffentlichung war dieses Buch freilich nicht, denn schon als Student hatte Fritz Klein begonnen, für die „Weltbühne“ und andere Zeitschriften zu schreiben. Den Drang und das Talent, sich wieder und wieder mit publizistischen Wortmeldungen in die Debatten seiner Zeit einzubringen –bis zuletzt als eifriger Leserbriefschreiber -, hatte er offenbar von seinem früh verstorbenen Vater mitbekommen. Bis 1933, als er aus politischen Gründen daran gehindert wurde, hatte Dr. Fritz Klein sen. als Chefredakteur der einflussreich-konservativen „Deutschen Allgemeinen Zeitung“ gewirkt. 20 Jahre später war Dr. Fritz Klein jun. selbst Chefredakteur und stand an der Spitze der gerade gegründeten „Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaft“. Welche Gedanken werden ihm durch den Kopf gegangen sein, als er in den widersprüchlichen Turbulenzen der ostmitteleuropäischen Entstalinisierungskrise von 1956/57 ebenfalls aus politischen Gründen gezwungen wurde, seinen Posten aufzugeben?

Die Binsenweisheit, dass jedes Ende zugleich ein Anfang ist, bewahrheitet sich auch in politisch unruhigen Zeiten, denn nun, als Mitarbeiter am Institut für Geschichte der Deutschen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin begann das eigentliche Geschichtsforscherdasein des Fritz Klein. Nicht die Geschichte des selbst erlebten zweiten Weltkrieges, sondern die des ersten Großen Krieges des vergangenen Jahrhunderts wurde zu einer Art Generalthema seines so unermüdlichen wie erfolgreichen Spurenlesens und Spurenlegens. Als Leiter der „Arbeitsgruppe Erster Weltkrieg“ zeichnete er verantwortlich für das kollektive Buchprojekt „Deutschland im Ersten Weltkrieg“. Es erschien dreibändig ab 1968. Dass es sich bei dem Klein’schen Dreibänder um eine bleibende Leistung der DDR-Historiographie handelt, ist vieler orten und völlig zu recht immer wieder betont worden.

Mit seinen Arbeiten über die Kriegsschuldfrage, die von einer aktiven Teilhabe an der Fischer-Kontoverse gekennzeichnet waren und die ihn ungeachtet aller politischer Divergenzen mit so unterschiedlichen Kollegen wie Fritz Stern und Fritz Fellner in eine Reihe zur Unterstützung von Fritz Fischer stellte, habilitierte sich Fritz Klein 1968. Dies passierte  an der Universität Leipzig bei Walter Markov. Der weltweit agierende und anerkannte Ordinarius für Allgemeine Geschichte empfahl seinen Habilitanden an die School of Advanced International Studies in Washington D.C., was Prof. Fritz Klein 1975 für mehrere Monate in jenes Land brachte, das Günter Kunert ein Jahr zuvor in seinem Bericht „Der anderen Planet“ nannte.

Markov, der 1968 zu den Mitgründern einer als „Amical“ von Zeithistorikern aus Ost und West gedachten Vereinigung gehörte, aus der 1980 die dem Welthistorikerverband affiliierte Association internationale d’historie contemporaine de l’Europe , kurz AIHCE, hervorging, machte Fritz Klein 1982 zu seinem Nachfolger in dessen Bureau genanntem Leitungsgremium. Auf vielen AIHCE-Tagungen wie auch auf den insgesamt neun von ihm besuchten Welthistorikerkongressen galt der Historiker aus der DDR als international renommierter Fachmann, kritischer Kommentator und gefragter Gesprächspartner.

Ohne davon viel mehr als einen Hauch Ahnung zu haben, lernten wir jüngeren Fritz Klein ungefähr vor einem Drittel bis einem Viertel Jahrhundert als Historiker in der DDR kennen. Er war Chef des Bereiches Allgemeine Geschichte und wir wirklich noch jung. Er zeigte uns Offenheit für die Welt, bevor sie offen für uns war, ließ uns viel Freiraum bei der Themenwahl unserer Dissertationen, lehrte uns, in allen Diskussionen stets noch ein möglichst gutes Argument bis zum Schluss in petto zu behalten, nahm uns mit auf Konferenzen der „hochlöblichen“ AIHCE, half uns beim Durchboxen kritischer Texte für unseren Geschichtskalender im Dietz-Verlag – kurz machte uns fit für die Academia, die in der DDR gleichwohl zunehmend verkrustete und alsbald, wie das Land auch, in Auflösung geriet. So nimmt es eigentlich nicht Wunder, dass der „Jemand“, der nach seinem Erinnerungen Ende 1989 vorschlug, man solle ihn aus dem gerade begonnen Rentnerdasein „reaktivieren und zum Direktor berufen“ einer der ganz jungen war. Das es so kam, war ein Glück in vielfacher Hinsicht – ersparte dem Institutsdirektor Fritz Klein aber nicht, am 16. Dezember 1991, wenige Tage vor dem aufgrund eines Wissenschaftsratsvotums beschlossenen Ende des Instituts für Allgemeine Geschichte eine, wie er zugab, „seiner schwersten Reden zu halten“ – die Abschiedsrede.

Ein Abschied aber war es nicht, denn wie in der Nachbemerkung seines Buches angedeutet, blieb er mit Freunden und ehemaligen Kollegen in Kontakt, die ihm beim Schreiben halfen, „diesen oder jenen Vorgang“ zu rekonstruieren. Vielen von Ihnen, meine Damen und Herren werden sich an die Telefonate erinnern, die stets mit der Frage eingeleitet wurden: “Du, sag, störe ich gerade?“, um dann in oft lange Erörterungen der früher gewesenen und damals seienden Lage überzugehen. Nicht zuletzt hierdurch wird er uns als Mann von großer Redlichkeit und freimütig mitgeteilter Nachdenklichkeit in Erinnerung bleiben.

Frank Hadler                                                      Berlin, Pankow-Rosenthal, 19. Juni 2011

Call for papers: The Transformation of the World Steel Industry from the Twentieth Century to the Present

The Transformation of the World Steel Industry from the Twentieth Century to the Present

Call for papers

Changes in the world steel industry have been faster in the late twentieth century than in all previous periods. The conference The Transformation of the World Steel Industry from the Twentieth Century to the Present aims to scientifically describe and study the transformations which occurred in all areas of that industry. Its positioning in the contemporary period will allow a multidisciplinary and comparative reflection about the origins and forms of those changes.

This comparative approach is essentially historical, but it is also open to other disciplines such as geography, economics, business administration, sociology, engineering and so forth.

Supported by the Association Internationale d’Histoire Contemporaine de l’Europe (AIHCE), the conference is divided into two parts differing in terms of orientation, dates and location. They will be presented in French or English, without translation, according to the speakers’ choice.

The first part of the symposium, which will take place on May 24 and 25, 2012 in Le Creusot (France), deals with global questions, whereas the second part, taking place on September 20 and 21, 2012 in Luxembourg (Grand-duché de Luxembourg), will be focused more specifically on the European dimension. The results of both sessions will be published in the conference proceedings.

Proposals for papers, either in French or in English , should not exceed the maximum of 2,000 to 2,500 characters. Proposals can be made specifically to one of the two sessions, or left to the judgement of the Scientific Committee. An electronic copy and a CV must be sent to the following three addresses before September 1st, 2011 at the latest:

  • Barthel Charles : Charles [point] Barthel [at] cere [point] etat [point] lu
  • Kharaba Ivan : kharaba [point] afb [at] wanadoo [point] fr
  • Mioche Philippe: philippe [point] mioche [at] univ-provence [point] fr

The organizers also intend to devote half a day of the Luxembourg session to a workshop for young researchers (doctoral or postdoctoral students). Their complete communication proposals (maximum 25,000 to 30,000 characters) in French or in English, accompanied by a CV, should be submitted to the above mentioned addresses before December 31, 2011

* * * * *

The two parts of the conference programme comprise the following themes:

Changes and Globalization in the Steel Industry

Le Creusot

24 and 25 May 2012

The part of the symposium organized in Le Creusot, entitled Changes and Globalization in the Steel Industry, will focus on the following topics: Work organization and social relations; Innovation and technology; Changes in territories and environment; Raw materials and supplies; Heritage and representations. For each of these themes, the presentations may include case studies and/or comparative works over time or space, from the past to the present, here and elsewhere.

The sub-themes presented below are not exhaustive, all proposals on the general themes of the symposium are welcome.

  • Organization of labour and social relations studies the evolution of work organization and social relations. What social policies are implemented in the steel industry? Can we compare the social data, such as training, salaries, …? What are the social relations between employers and workers in the steel industry? Etc.
  • Innovation and technology examines the research and innovation policies and the evolution of technologies in the steel industry. Which policies for research and innovation are applied in the steel industry? What are the new frontiers for innovation? What are the developments in productivity? Which future developments will the world steel industry take? What about research for new steels? Etc.
  • Changes in territories and environment: The objective of this part is to study the evolution of the territories occupied by the steel industry from the past to the present, and its changes through social and environmental evolution. What are the changes in the steel territories ? Can we speak of a decline in U.S. and European steel industries to the benefit of new countries? What forms does the emergence of the steel industry take? What are the environmental policies in the steel industry; where do the differences between countries lie? Etc.
  • Raw materials and supplies: This part will examine the strategies and policies for raw materials supply, and their evolution. What are the flows of raw materials and supplies? How did they change? What are the transport arrangements and their impact on markets and locations? What are the relative positions of strength of the steel companies and the mining companies? Etc.
  • Heritage and performance: A special place will be devoted to the preservation of the heritage of the steel industry and its representations. What is the legacy of the steel industry? How is it preserved and valued here and elsewhere? In which ways are the steel industry and its workers represented ? Etc.

A roundtable will deal with «The Transformation of the Steel Industry and the Social Question».

The future of the European steel industry

Luxembourg

20 and 21 September 2012

Central themes addressed in Luxembourg will be the European steel companies and the various types of local, national and international structures within which production takes place. As these are constantly changing under the effect of reorganizations conditioned sometimes by endogenous factors and sometimes by outside influences or interventions from beyond the sector, our purpose will be to analyze over a period stretching from the beginning of the 20th century to the dawn of the 21st century, the integration process, the composition of capital, the employers’ networks, etc., with the aim of identifying possible constant features, changes in company policy or a return to the roots following the example of the recent re-emergence of family capitalism. Consequently, another point at issue will be that of corporate culture, in the present case at the level of management in mills having been integrated into large often transnational groups, where new causes for concern in particular of a financial and commercial nature outweigh the management policy of the traditional ironmasters. A better knowledge of the entrepreneurs’ profile will undoubtedly allow a better analysis of their strategic choices and thus help explain the success of the one and the setbacks of another metallurgical society.

The constant reorientations imposed on the sector have of course also had an impact on the fiscal, environmental or social standards of production. Control, first of minor significance during the pioneer era of the modern steel industry, rapidly grows in importance. What are the forms of dialogue between the private sector and public institutions? The governments’ and/or companies’ hesitations have given rise to much confusion and controversy in the field of agreements and cartels. Could these particular forms of market organization, which have often been condemned as violations of the basic rules of fair competition, become superfluous nowadays? Besides the development of the markets, we will finally also have to examine the products which have considerably developed since the beginning of the 20th century, not only in quantity, but also and above all in quality. We also intend to assess the future prospects of a category of production that has largely contributed to Europe’s wealth. This last topic will as a matter of fact be examined in more detail during a roundtable debate with insiders. The debate will focus on “The Position of the European Iron and Steel Industry in the World of Tomorrow”.

The meeting organized in Luxembourg includes a half-day’s workshop where selected young doctoral or postdoctoral students will be given the opportunity to present their research work and to discuss it in common. These papers, besides the topics specific to the Luxembourg part of the symposium, may also deal with the whole of the topics covered during the session to be held in Le Creusot (see above).

* * * * *

Publication of the conference papers:

The final deadline for delivery of the final drafts of manuscripts is

November 2012

For further information, please contact the scientific secretary of the conference: kharaba [point] afb [at] wanadoo [point] fr or charles [point] barthel [at] cere [point] etat [point] lu

International Association of Contemporary History of Europe

Robert Schuman et Jean Monnet
Robert Schuman et Jean Monnet – (c) Union européenne 2011

Adresse : Prof. John Keiger
University of Cambridge
Department of Politics and International Studies (POLIS),
University of Cambridge,
Room 321, Alison Richard Building, 7 West Rd,
CAMBRIDGE, CB3 9DT, UK
e-mail : jk586 [at] cam.ac.uk

  • Président : John Keiger (Université de Cambridge)
  • Vice-présidents : Franz Knipping (Université de Wuppertal),
  • Tomasz Schramm (Université de Posnan)
  • Secrétaire général : Sylvain Schirmann (Université de Strasbourg)
  • Secrétaire général adjoint : Jean-François Fayet (Université de Genève)
  • Trésorier : Chantal Metzger (Université de Nancy 2)
  • Responsable des publications : Christine Manigand (France)

Membres

J. Charles Barthel (Centre R. Schuman de Luxembourg), Bruna Bagnato (Université de Florence), Ion Bulei (Université de Bucarest), Jean-François Eck (Université Charles de Gaulle – Lille), Frank Hadler (Université de Leipzig), Dusan Kovacs (Université et Académie Slovaque – Bratislava), Horst Möller (Université de Munich), Evgeniya Obichkina (MGIMO – Université de Moscou)

Activités 2010

  • Réunions du Bureau : 15-16 janvier 2010 à Paris
  • Assemblée générale : 27 août 2010 à Amsterdam dans le cadre du congrès du CISH

Publications

Depuis la dernière Assemblée générale (2005), l’association a publié :

  • Carole FINK, Frank HADLER, Tomasz SCHRAMM, (dir.), 1956, European and Global Perspectives, Leipzig, Leipziger Universitätsverlag, 2006
  • Jacques BARIETY (dir.), Aristide Briand, la Société des Nations et l’Europe 1919–1932, Strasbourg, Presses Universitaires de Strasbourg, 2007
  • Marta PETRICIOLI & Donatella CHERUBINI (éds), Pour la paix en Europe. Institutions et société civile dans l’entre-deux-guerres, Bruxelles, PIE Peter Lang, 2007
  • Antoine FLEURY, Lubor JILEK (éds), Une Europe malgré tout (1945-1990). Contacts et réseaux culturels, intellectuels et scientifiques entre Européens dans la guerre froide, BRUXELLES, PIE Peter Lang, 2009
  • L’association a une collection chez PIE Peter Lang à Bruxelles, intitulée L’Europe et les Europes 19e et 20e siècles

Programme 2011

Réunions

  • Réunion du bureau à Munich en janvier 2011 avec journée d’études consacrée à la France dans la guerre froide. La date reste encore à fixer.
  • 2e réunion du bureau (lieu et date à déterminer)

Publications

  • Publications des actes du colloque 2010 , Formation et décomposition des États européens au XXe siècle et des travaux du thème 1 du congrès du CISH, Chute des Empires, thème 1 dont l’Association a été co-organisatrice.

IACHE

The mission of the International Association for the Contemporary History of Europe, affiliated to the International Committee of Historical Sciences http://www.cish.org/, will describe the Association, its activities, its news and will promote its members’ activities. This mission will focus on the core of the AIHCE, that is the contemporary history of Europe.